پاورپوینتEngineering-economic simulations of sustainable transport policies

پاورپوینتEngineering-economic simulations of sustainable transport policies

پاورپوینتEngineering-economic simulations of sustainable transport policies

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

نوع فایل: power point

قابل ویرایش 56 اسلاید

 

قسمتی از اسلایدها:

Experimental determination of emissions (chassis/engine dynamometer, exhaust gas analysers, mass balances)

Emission factors (g pollutant / km) as a function
of average vehicle speed/acceleration

Extra emissions per vehicle due to engine/catalyst cold start & fuel evaporation

Future evolution of basic variables (vehicle population, distance travelled per vehicle, average driving speed) are simulated phenomenologically

Evaluation of future technologies on the basis of research results & engineering knowledge of their technical potential

 

فهرست مطالب و اسلایدها:

Environmental impact of energy systems: the “engineering approach”

“Engineering approach” for assessment of vehicle emission abatement strategies

However, decision-making requires to know:

A long-term engineering-economic model

for the EU transport sector

Model development – 1

Model development – 2

Model development – 3

Generalised price concept

Road accidents/fatalities indicator – 1

Running a scenario

Calculation of road vehicle stock

Allocation of vehicle stock into vintages

Determination of technology shares

Major data sources for the transport model – 1

Major data sources for the transport model – 2

Baseline assumptions

Evolution of passenger activity by mode

EU 15

Urban vehicle kilometres as a fraction of total vehicle kilometres by country (%)

Baseline evolution of

other sustainability indicators

Policy exercises applied

Impacts of policies on sustainability indicators in year 2020 (% change from baseline)

Impact of policy exercise 1

(subsidies to alternative fuel vehicles)

Impact of policy exercise 2 (double diesel tax)

Cumulative impact of selected policies – 1

Synopsis

Acknowledgements